Pestend Pest Control Toronto provides professional bat removal services in Toronto & GTA. The Big Brown bat is a common species which regularly roosts in buildings, particularly in urban areas. Colonies vary in size from 12 to more than 200. Males vary in shades of brown. Each hair is bicoloured, the base is part black and part brown. Face, ears, and membranes are almost all black. It has a wing span of 325 mm (13 to 14 in.). This species is distributed throughout most of North and South America, and can endure sub-freezing temperatures. However, it doesn’t do as well in hot climates compared to the Little Brown bat. During hot weather, these larger bats can crawl into rooms through crevices in chimneys, along pipe entrances, or into basements through spaces in the walls.
This species is one of the last to enter underground hibernating sites in fall and awakens first in the spring. It may be seen in flight at dusk in late November and early April, and lives in caves and other natural shelters in colder weather. The Big Brown bat roosts at night. The tell-tale signs of its presence are a few droppings left each morning below the roost. The Big Brown bat can inflict a painful bite if carelessly handled.
Foraging is carried out above meadows, pastures, ponds, creeks, rivers and tree-lined streets of cities and towns. In summer, nursery colonies are situated in attics and behind shutters and sliding barn doors. Such nursery colonies are located frequently near extensive fields with stream drainage. While they prefer to roost in buildings, they are also occasionally found in hollow trees, under the bark of trees, in rock crevices, and beneath bridges. The Big Brown bat roosts in cooler places than the Little Brown bat and will move to cooler areas when temperatures rise above 33 degrees Celsius to 35 degrees Celsius (91 degrees-95 degrees F). The solitary males roost in buildings, beneath bridges, in rock crevices and trees. Big Brown bats hibernate in caves and abandoned mines and are the only species that also regularly hibernates in buildings. This species tolerates more temperature range and lower relative humidity during the winter than other hibernating species.
Eight species of bats occur in Ontario:
- The little Brown Myotis
- Eastern long-eared Bat
- Small-footed Bat
- Eastern Pipistrelle
- Big Brown Bat
- Silver-haired Bat
- Red Bat
- Hoary Bat
Bats are known to harbour insect parasites that can feed on humans. The bed bug and bat bug are regularly found in bat colonies. Bat droppings and urine can cause a persistent stench that is insufferable to many humans. Large accumulations of bat droppings may contain histoplasmosis fungi spores which can result in a lung infection if inhaled.
Bats have small sharp teeth and if you or a pet has been bitten, you should try and capture the bat and test for rabies.
Some typical symptoms of rabies in bats include:
- Uncontrolled flight
- Frequent landings in areas and on surfaces where they would not normally be excepted.
- An appearance in daylight hours (an appearance around mid-day should be viewed as particularly suspicious).
- Weakness or paralysis, depriving them of their ability to fly or cling to roosts, so they flop over or lay helpless on the ground near the roost.
If the bat that caused the bite can be caught or killed (preferably without crushing the skull), it should be kept for examination by Public Health authorities. Of bat specimens that are brought in for testing and found to be positive for rabies, 95% are Big Brown bats. Never handle living or dead bats with your bare hands. The use of forceps or tongs is recommended for picking up bats. If this is not possible, use thick rubber or leather gloves. All cats and dogs in Ontario should be vaccinated for rabies to ensure problems are minimized if they come in contact with a rabid bat or other infected wild animal.
Moisture from bat droppings can stain the plaster in ceilings or walls and replacing the stained portion may be the only remedy in some situations.
Bats enter through small gaps. Secure any holes in the attic or chimneys or other similar places to prevent infestation.
Every wildlife job is unique and getting rid of bats requires special skills, knowledge, tools, materials and methods. Pestend bat removal technicians specialize in removal of wild animals from attics, chimneys, walls, crawl spaces beneath buildings, sheds, and other hard to reach locations. Our experienced wildlife technician will do a thorough inspection of your premises and take immediate action to resolve any wildlife conflict. Pestend technicians not only remove wild animals from your premises, but will also reinforce all damaged or vulnerable areas for future wildlife prevention. We are able to customize bat removal solutions in Toronto, Vaughan, Mississauga, North York, Oakville, Markham, Scarborough, Thornhill, Richmond Hill and Brampton to fit your needs.